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  • Key Data on the CAP

Key Data on the CAP

First Pillar (€ milllion)

2009 overall budget (European Agricultural Guarantee Fund): EUR 41,131 million

Policy Objectives Main Instruments 2009 Expenditure
Market InterventionsRaise and stabilise market pricesIntervention buying; export subsidies3,410
Coupled SubsidiesIncrease production of selected goodsProduction premia; area payments4,846
Direct Income SupportReward farmers' historic support entitlementsSingle Farm Payment; Single Area Payment31,295

Source: Financial Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council on the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund 2009 Financial Year.

Export Subsidies (€ milllion)

2008 Expenditure
Total926
Cereals10
Sugar and Isoglucose501
Fruit and Vegetables19
Products of the Wine-Growing Sector15
Milk and Milk Products29
Beef and Veal33
Pigmeat, Eggs, Poultry and Beekeeping201
Processed Agricultural Products118

Source: European Commission, 2009. Annexes to the Commission Staff Working Document Accompanying the 2nd Financial Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council on the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund - 2008 Financial Year: SEC(2009) 1368 Part II.

Second Pillar (€ million)

2009 overall budget (European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development): EUR 13,623 million in expenditures committed for 2009 and beyond (Commitment Appropriations), EUR 8,210 million actually paid in 2009

Policy Objectives Main Instruments 2009 Expenditure
Axis 1Improving the competitiveness of the agricultural and forestry sectorModernization of agricultural holdings; adding value to agricultural and forestry products; infrastructure 2,626
Axis 2Improving the environment and the countryside Agri-environmental payments; payments to farmers in areas with handicaps 4,741
Axis 3Improving the quality of life in rural areas and encouraging diversification of the rural economy Village renewal and developments; basic services for the economy and rural population; business creation and development364

Source: Financial Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council on the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development 2009 Financial Year.

Subsidies per hectare in 2008 (€)

Member States Direct Aids Pillar 2 Sum
Austria 222 186 409
Belgium 408 47 454
Denmark 365 48 414
Finland 237 139 376
France 249 35 329
Germany 325 70 395
Greece 590 114 704
Ireland 308 86 349
Italy 299 127 426
Luxembourg 264 104 369
Netherlands 415 38 452
Portugal 164 169 333
Spain 198 62 260
Sweden 230 89 319
United Kingdom 212 46 258
Bulgaria 55 191 245
Cyprus 133 170 303
Czech Republic 108 112 220
Estonia 45 105 150
Hungary 128 127 255
Latvia 35 169 204
Lithuania 60 94 154
Malta 155 2320 2475
Poland 81 125 205
Romania 31 83 114
Slovakia 81 72 153
Slovenia 115 586 701

Subsidies per hectare in 2013 (€)

Member States Direct Aids Pillar 2 Sum
Austria 236 167 403
Belgium 447 57 504
Denmark 394 40 434
Finland 249 126 375
France 310 47 357
Germany 346 82 428
Greece 544 165 709
Ireland 324 85 409
Italy 343 113 456
Luxembourg 283 101 384
Netherlands 469 54 529
Portugal 174 176 350
Spain 206 52 258
Sweden 247 86 333
United Kingdom 247 46 294
Bulgaria 190 130 320
Cyprus 366 144 511
Czech Republic 258 121 379
Estonia 112 125 237
Hungary 312 138 450
Latvia 83 85 168
Lithuania 143 96 239
Malta 494 1032 1526
Poland 197 120 316
Romania 92 99 191
Slovakia 200 165 366
Slovenia 295 231 526

Subsidies per member state in 2008 (€ million)

Member States Direct Aids Market Pillar 2 Sum
Austria 709 38 595 1342
Belgium 560 188 64 812
Denmark 972 90 129 1191
Finland 544 16 319 879
France 8081 868 959 9908
Germany 5496 209 1187 6892
Greece 2405 150 463 3019
Ireland 1276 28 355 1659
Italy 3813 881 1617 6310
Luxembourg 35 1 14 49
Netherlands 794 184 73 1050
Portugal 570 148 588 1306
Spain 4921 948 1549 7417
Sweden 718 -27 227 968
United Kingdom 3422 74 736 4233
EU-15 34315 3795 8924 47034
Bulgaria 166 12 581 760
Cyprus 19 9 25 53
Czech Republic 380 21 393 794
Estonia 41 1 96 137
Hungary 543 27 538 1107
Latvia 62 2 301 364
Lithuania 158 16 249 423
Malta 2 1 24 27
Poland 1248 206 1933 3386
Romania 422 52 1147 1621
Slovakia 156 9 287 452
Slovenia 56 6 140 202
EU-12 3254 360 5711 9325
Total 37569 4155 14635 56359

Subsidies per member state in 2013 (€ million)

Memeber States Direct Aids Pillar 2 Sum
Austria 752 533 1285
Belgium 615 78 693
Denmark 1049 106 1155
Finland 571 289 859
France 8521 1279 9800
Germany 5853 1387 7240
Greece 2217 672 2888
Ireland 1341 352 1692
Italy 4370 1441 5811
Luxembourg 37 13 50
Netherlands 898 103 1001
Portugal 606 611 1217
Spain 5139 1284 6424
Sweden 771 267 4737
United Kingdom 3988 749 4737
EU-15 36727 9163 45890
Bulgaria 580 396 976
Cyprus 53 21 75
Czech Republic 909 424 1334
Estonia 101 113 214
Hungary 1319 585 1904
Latvia 146 151 298
Lithuania 380 254 634
Malta 5 11 16
Poland 3045 1851 4896
Romania 1264 1356 2620
Slovakia 388 320 708
Slovenia 114 113 257
EU-12 8336 5595 13930
Total 45062 14758 59821
Source: Council of the European Union, 2009. Council Regulation (EC) No 73/2009. European Commission, 2009. EU Budget 2008: Financial Report. European Commission, 2009. Annexes to the Commission Staff Working Document Accompanying the 2nd Financial Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council on the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund - 2008 Financial Year: SEC(2009) 1368 Part II. European Commission, 2009. Commission Decision Fixing the Annual Breakdown per Member State of the Amount Referred to in Article 69(2a) of Council Regulation (EC) No 1698/2005 Concerning Support to Rural Development and Amending Commission Decision 2006/636/EC: 2009/545/EC.